Prospective clients, as well as friends and family, often ask me if a little rough patch in their relationship requires professional help or if they can and should work out their problems on their own.
I usually ask them this: Do you ignore small fires in your home and only call 911 when your house is about to burn to the ground?
Just as we are quick to call the fire department, we should call for help early, rather than let hotspots get out of control.
We should also take a step further. Like how we teach our family fire safety, we must proactively protect our relationship by learning crucial relational skills and improving our emotional intelligence.
While my response may seem self-serving, since I am a couples counselor, trust me when I tell you it’s not.
Telltale Signs Your Relationship Needs Couples Counseling
Following are red flags signaling your union is heading into or is in trouble.
- Constant Criticism. You or your partner, or both of you, are constantly criticizing the other. The criticism is more than a complaint. It is personal and disrespectful.
- Contemptuous is the Norm. Eye-rolls, sarcasm, and ingratitude show up whenever you are interacting with each other. You view your partner as an enemy to your happiness or vice versa.
- You’re on the Defensive. One of both of you is not apt to accept the partner’s perspective or offer an apology.
- You’re Emotionally or Physically Distant. You or your partner have withdrawn to avoid any kind of deep conversations or conflict. Arguments stop. You don’t spend time together anymore and your relationship is sexless. The closeness between the both of you is fading, and a sense of loneliness has been slowly creeping in. This is called “drift,” and it is a common precursor to divorce.
- Fantasizing about Escape. You or your partner begin to think “What if?” and fantasize about greener pastures. What if we lived apart? What if I could be with so-and-so? What if I never married him or her?
- Negative Thoughts Override The Positive. The relationship experiences “overriding negative sentiment,” which is when one or both partners consistently sees the negative side of problems or each other. Are you giving greater weight to the negatives more than the positives? If so, then the negativity bias has likely become confirmation bias. The negative exchanges crowded out the positive stuff, thereby “proving” your negative beliefs about your partner.
- The 3 A’s. Adultery, addiction, or abuse is present in the relationship. These are couples who need the help the most. They are dealing with serious issues that can cause emotional and physical harm to the partners and the family. Healing and recovery from these traumas will require the help of a skilled couples therapist.
If you’re in an abusive relationship, you are not alone. Call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1−800−799−7233 or TTY 1−800−787−3224. You can also visit the website.
Proactive Self-Care For Couples
Should couples seek counseling when the issues above arise? Definitely yes.
However, couples should seek couples counseling before those problems emerge. Research has shown that couples who seek help early have the best chance of lasting and thriving even during difficult times.
When I meet with a couple, we go through a detailed intake process. We assess the histories of the partners as individuals and as a couple. Most times, we are able to pinpoint when problems started. Usually, these issues coincide with a change or transition in their lives.
These transitions include:
- Getting engaged
- Blending families (Re-marrying)
- Having a baby
- Raising teenagers
- Caring for eldering parents
- Changing jobs or financial situations
- Coping with death
- Dealing with a health problem
- Becoming empty-nesters
I advise family and friends to seek private relationship counseling or attend a reputable couples workshop whenever they are experiencing any of the above life-changing events. This is for their own benefit.
Getting help early—even when the relationship is fulfilling and happy—averts disaster.
Life transitions can overwhelm even the strongest of marriages. Stress preoccupies our minds. The rituals of connection we have created, such as date night or bedtime routines, are disrupted. We become more irritable and quick to become emotionally flooded.
Preventing Damage To The Family
Studies from The Gottman Institute, the creator of a science-based couples therapy approach trusted by thousands of couples therapists worldwide, reveal the “masters” and “disasters” of relationships.
Data were drawn from studies that included more than 3,500 couples and spanned 45+ years. For the first time, relationship experts were able to scientifically quantify what couples do in stable happy marriages and what behaviors will lead to divorce.
Masters & Disasters
“Disasters” of relationships were partners who did not learn how to manage conflict or communicate effectively. They neglected their friendship—which, researchers learned, is the foundation for trust, commitment, gratitude, problem-solving, intimacy, and shared dreams.
The difference between the two groups was that the masters learned a combination of tools, skills, and behaviors to keep their relationships on track.
For the disasters, they were ignorant of “fire hazards,” which turned into fiery, uncontrollable raging blazes.
This is why I say, “Learn and master relationship skills—even when the relationship is healthy and happy.”
Know the warning signs and proactively keep your family safe. Prevent any damage that may be irreversible. Couples should not wait until they are in a desperate state before they seek professional help.
What Happens When Issues Are Prolonged?
According to Dr. John Gottman, founder of The Gottman Institute, unhappy couples wait an average of six years before seeking couples counseling. This is six years of chronic conflict, resentment, criticism, contempt, defensiveness, drift, fantasies, and negative bias. Even worse, it may be six years of the 3 A’s.
This is unfortunate because timing is everything.
The effectiveness of couples and marriage counseling is directly related to the motivation of the partners. Motivation can be lacking when problems are too ingrained, and past hurts have been festered for too long. Their quality of the interactions has burned to ashes and rebuilding the house will take time, work, and herculean motivation.
Relationships Take Work
Marriage remains a risky business. According to the statistics by World Population Review, (as of 2019) 50% of all marriages end in divorce. If you get married between 20 and 25 years old, you have a 60% chance of your marriage ending in divorce. Second marriages have a 60% chance of divorce and third marriages have a 73%.
Those statistics confirm that it’s always a good time to seek professional guidance to help you learn, and re-learn, the behaviors and skills for relationship happiness.
Where To Get Help
There are numerous resources available for relationship help. Depending on your circumstances and stage in your relationship, any of the following are good choices:
- Couples Therapist. Seek out a professionally trained therapist who specializes in couples therapy. Couples therapists have the specialized and foundational education and experience to effectively diagnose and treat couples. After all, if you needed medical help with the joints in your knee, you would want to be treated by a specialist — an orthopedic knee specialist. It is no different in the area of couples counseling. Certified Gottman Therapists are trained in The Gottman Method. Many Gottman counselors are also schooled in other types of approaches and are able to combine the best treatment plan for your relationship. Find a Gottman Method-trained therapist.
- Couples Workshop or Retreat. Attend a couples workshop, particularly The Art and Science of Love event. This workshop unpacks four decades of Gottman research on relationships. No other couples workshop or retreat is based on the amount of data as The Art and Science of Love. Couples with a range of situations attend this workshop: from newlyweds to retirees, from those coping with trauma to those wanting a romantic getaway, and everything in between. The Gottman couples workshop is the go-to for couples who want to seek the best information skills and researched-based tools that will improve the quality of your interactions with one another.
- DIY. If you want a do-it-yourself approach, seek information from leading couples researchers. The Gottman Institute has a ton of resources for those who want to learn what tools they need to strengthen their marriages. Online resources include the Marriage Minute, the Gottman Relationship Blog, and Gottman Connect. I also recommend books written by Dr. Gottman, such as “The Seven Principles for Making Marriage Work.”
- Emulate Happy Couples. Find support from couples in stable marriages. Very often, couples who feel distressed or fall into a negative feedback loop will, unfortunately, isolate themselves. Trusted friends and family members can provide examples of how to communicate, court, and manage conflict. Emulate the best qualities of their relationship. However, do not share things with your friends and family that are personal and do not ask for advice. Sometimes, people who are not experts in counseling or relationships may provide you with advice that does more harm than good. They can be biased, and not understanding the complexities in your relationship that are personal to you.
Whatever you do, never wait. Waiting and hoping for things to get better is never the answer.
Don’t ignore warning signs. Don’t allow hotspots to grow and reduce your love to ashes. Protect and strengthen your home by learning and mastering foundational relationship skills.
The author originally posted this article here.
Are you currently looking for a Certified Gottman Couples Therapist to use research-based approaches to help your relationship? The Gottman Institute is seeking couples to participate in an international outcome study on Gottman Method Couples Therapy. Learn more here.