On the Gottman Relationship Blog, we often talk about “turning towards” and “turning away” from bids for attention from your partner. If you’ve attempted to apply these research-based findings to your own relationship and found that the task of integrating science into reality is really, really difficult, this post is for you! You may feel that, despite the clear benefits of using The Gottman Method, the degree of stress that you undergo in your relationship makes our method almost impossible to apply with your own partner. We want to show you specific examples for ways to build trust in stressful times, so that you may feel far more confident and empowered in integrating The Gottman Method into your own life.

Here are some examples to better clarify different types of “turning towards.”

Dr. Gottman’s definitions for the following behaviors are given below, as well as examples to clarify the ways in which they may be expressed. For the sake of this exercise, we are going to keep the bid (one which you’ve likely made on many occasions) the same in each scenario:

Nearly Passive Responses
These are one or two word comments or mild shifts in behavior with no verbal response – your partner may not stop what they are doing, but you know that you’ve been heard, e.g.

Sam: “Do you want to go out tonight?”
Mia: [C
ontinuing to get the kids ready for school] “Mmmm”

Low Energy Responses:
These involve a few words or a question to clarify a bid, e.g.

Jamal: “Do you want to go out tonight?”
Ava: “Sounds fine. Where?”

Attentive Responses:
These involve opinions, thoughts, and feelings, e.g.

Gabrielle: “Do you want to go out tonight?”
Liam: “That sounds great. You like that Thai place down the street?”

High Energy Responses: 
These involve full attention with good eye contact. High energy responses may be enthusiastic, include humor or affection, and/or sincere empathy, e.g.

Rosie: “Do you want to go out tonight?”
Wiley: “Hooray! Oh, hold on a sec while I cancel my date with the couch…”

Try to notice the ways in which you and your partner respond to such bids for attention, empathy, or connection in your interactions. This first step (becoming attuned to the ways in which the two of you interact) will be vital to making the kinds of change you feel are necessary in your relationship: reducing stress, creating an atmosphere of trust, being able to support each other, expressing your mutual love without getting lost in miscommunication.

Try to engage with your partner with the latter two response types: Attentive and High Energy. Though daily life can obviously be tiring, you may find yourself too overwhelmed to respond with High Energy responses all the time: let them be your ultimate goal, and know that practicing the latter two response types will become easier over time. As you build healthy patterns of communication with your partner, you are likely to evince similar effort on their part, helping each other to build mindfulness in emotional moments as well as in everyday conversation! As always, we’d like to remind you that this exercise is not meant to change your life in a week. Practice it over time, and see how much easier it becomes to empower yourself and integrate The Gottman Method into your own relationship!

Ellie Lisitsa is a staff writer at The Gottman Institute and a regular contributor to The Gottman Relationship Blog. Ellie is pursuing her B.A. in Psychology with an emphasis on Cognitive Dissonance at Reed College in Portland, Oregon.